AoEJ: Academy of Education Journal
Vol. 14 No 2 Tahun 2023
education is a one-way way to strengthen all human potential needs in an optimal and
integrated manner (Nu’man et al., 2021). However, education that has been infiltrated by
technology must be able to position itself with the flow of change so that it is not covered
by negative changes that can affect the future of the nation's children (Nusa et al., 2021).
In the implementation of education, the existence of teachers is the spearhead as a
subject that greatly influences the existence of education (Sari, 2021 & Sukarja, 2019). The
teacher functions as a learning resource that plays a dominant role and is the highest
authority in science (Suwarni et al., 2018). The importance of the role of a teacher has been
proven by the Japanese empire during the war against the allies, where the two largest
cities in Japan, namely Hiroshima and Nagasaki were bombed by the allies which killed
most of the population. When disaster strikes, the emperor asks the most important thing at
the time, which is "how many masters are left?" This proves the very large role of the
teacher for the progress of a country (Akbar, 2021).
The appearance of a teacher characterized by excellence in nationalism, soul, faith,
piety, mastery of science and technology, work ethic and discipline, insight into the future,
career certainty, and physical and spiritual well-being are things that must be possessed by
a revolutionary teacher (Mubarak et al., 2022). But apart from all that, being a
revolutionary teacher is not just teaching or transferring knowledge, skills and technology
an sich or just acting as a model for their students, but teachers must also act as
communicators, learning resources, facilitators, guides, demonstrators, innovators. , and
others (Baharun et al., 2020 & Hapsari & Fatimah, 2021).
Becoming a revolutionary teacher in this digital era is of course a big homework for
an educator who must transform from a classical teacher into a smart technology teacher
who can apply himself with artificial intelligence. It is not without reason that a teacher
must be literate because in fact students are much more familiar with the developments in
the world of technology today, lest the teacher's technological level is below the students'
level, of course this will boomerang and reduce the degree of credibility as an educator.
Revolutionary teachers need new resources to select appropriate learning content to
improve student understanding and learning outcomes. An example of an appropriate
pedagogical approach that can be used in 21st century education is Technology Pedagogy
Content Knowledge (TPACK). Technology Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) is
knowledge about how teachers can use technology in the teaching and learning process in